(Continued from the previous article:-
Similarity between Punjabi and Hindi)
Similarity In Vowel Symbols:
Independent Vowels in Gurmukhi and Davanagari
In Hindi there are 11 Vowels including ऋ that is taken from Sanskrit,
because a lot of Sanskrit words are used in Hindi as it is, but in Punjabi
there is no such letter like ऋ, so the other 10 Vowels are same in both
Devanagari- अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ऋ ए ऐ ओ औ
Gurmukhi – ਅ ਆ ਇ ਈ ਉ ਊ — ਏ ਐ ਓ ਔ
Besides these symbols, Punjabi has two more symbols ਓ and ੲ.
These two symbols are mainly Maatra Vahak. In Hindi no such
symbols are available. The nearest phonetic letters are उ and इ , respectively.
The vowels are complete and independent letters and
except अ, each vowel has a symbol, also known as, Maatraa.
Dependent Vowels ( Symbols / Maatraas ) in
Gurmukhi and Devanagari:
अ has no maatraa
अ (x )आ (ा) इ (ि ) ई (ी ) उ (ु ) ऊ (ू )
ऋ (ृ ) ए (े ) ऐ (ै ) ओ (ो ) औ (ौ )
ਅ (x )(ा) ਆ (ा) ਇ (ि ) ਈ (ी ) ਉ (ु ) ਊ (ू ) —
ਏ (े ) ਐ (ै ) ਓ ( ) ਔ ( ).
Similarities And Dissimilarities in Consonants Of Both Scripts
All the consonants in Hindi from क to ह except ष
are same in Punjabi.In Punjabi there is no such
Double sound producing syllables are also not there in
Punjabi like क्ष त्र ज्ञ श्र
In Hindi half consonants are also used as अन्तर, सम्बन्ध,
sometimes showing the half consonants using halant in
Sanskrit words, used in Hindi as सन्, षट्कोण,साक्षात् etc.
In Punjabi some conjunct consonants are there as pareen
vava, pareen haha, Pareen rara e.g ਪ੍ਰੀਤਮ, ਬੁਲ੍ਹੜ, ਸ੍ਵਰਗ.
In Hindi we write these words as प्रीतम, बुल्हड़, स्वर्ग.
One more character is present in Hindi called Visarg
like प्रातः, अक्षरशः etc. Visarg is in Sanskrit words which are
used in Hindi as it is.
In Hindi usage of consonant र is in three forms, somewhere
it is used as a consonant e.g अन्तरमन, somewhere it is used as Maatraa under the foot of the consonant like: क्रम and on the head of the consonant e.g अन्तर्मन, पुनर्जन्म.
Anuswara or Bindi: (लंबा ) and Anunaasik or Chandrabindu: (चाँद) ) are the symbols showing nasal sounds in Hindi. Tippee
(ੰ ) and Bindee ( ਂ ) are the symbols for nasal sounds in Punjabi
e.g ਅੰਬ, ਪਤੰਗ, ਕਾਂ, ਕੁੜੀਆਂ etc.
Some Persian sounds क़ ख़ ग़ ज़ फ़ are also used in both the languages and one more sound ਲ਼ has been added to Punjabi.
The people who know Hindi can easily learn Punjabi and those who know Punjabi can
learn Hindi within a short period of time.
Being related languages, there is a lot of similarity in both the languages.
The script writing for Hindi is Devanagari and the script used for writing Punjabi is named as Gurmukhi. Both the scripts are descended from the Brahmi script of Ashoka. Both the scripts are left to right and the words are written and pronounced phonetically. For writing Punjabi two scripts are there, one is Gurmukhi and another is Shahmukhi. Gurmukhi is used in East Punjab in India and Shahmukhi is used in West Punjab in Pakistan.
Because Gurmukhi script was introduced by the second Guru of the Sikhs “Guru Angad Dev Ji”, so the name is quite relevant. Same way Devanagari is derived from Brahmi script, so this script is also considered as ( Brahma ) God’s gift.
Both Gurmukhi and Devanagari are Alphasyllabury in nature, an alphasyllabury system consists of symbols for vowels and consonants. Alphabets of both scripts represent syllables.
Hindi is a soft language, on the other hand Punjabi is little bit harsh.
In both the languages some of the words are as it is, the difference is only in accent eg. In Hindi water is Pani, water is Pani also in Punjabi, ChapAti is Roti in Hindi and Punjabi both, UthanA, AnA ,JAnA, MurnA, countless words are there that are same in both the languages.
Structure of the sentences (SOV) according to the tenses is also same. In present tense in Hindi we use Hai, in Punjabi also we use Hai. In Hindi for plural we use hain in Punjabi we use hun eg; Where is my bag? In Hindi- Mera bag kahAn hai? In Punjabi – Mera bag Kithhe hai?
Some other similarities will be mentioned in another article
Recently I came across a rather disturbing incident that happened to one of our senior tutors. She explained how she lost her online job due to the arrogance and apathy of an indifferent customer who supposedly thought she owns people. These could be a variety of people- customer service, managers, senior members of a business she is buying services from or anyone else as long as she is “paying the money to buy”. Here is what happened:
One of our recent experiences was with a woman who approached our tutor for a Punjabi lesson (for your information- she charges $15 per lesson. I just had to talk about the service here. I just can’t miss out on such a brilliant marketing opportunity for her). The customer needed our tutor to teach her along with her 2 kids all at the same time. She basically wanted to take 3 classes for the price of 1. I don’t really blame her. Its the mentality with which you are brought up shapes you. Moreover, some people are so overwhelmed with consumerism especially in North America that they don’t understand where to draw a line and who they are sponging off of. For them, its “Black Friday” year round, everywhere. After all a cent saved is a cent earned or was it “a dollar saved is a dollar earned”?
Despite our tutor’s not so pleasant past experiences with group classes, she agreed for it (as she did not want to disappoint her). She has had a record of NEVER missing a class and always being on time in the last 7 years of association with us.
However, on this special occasion she had to step out and could not make it back home by the time her lesson became due. She did, very promptly send her an email though. The email was delivered about 10 minutes before the class, which is obviously not right as the customer should have been informed at least an hour in advance, but it was somehow meant to happen just like it did.
The interesting thing is the customer’s reaction to that. She was fuming with anger calling our most professional tutor “unprofessional”. She had duly apologized twice in the email and had told her that she would be happy to reschedule the class for a later point in time whenever convenient to her. However, the customer needed a refund, which was issued the very same day. Some would think the episode was over, but not quite; as she had kind words to say about the tutor.
She gave her the poorest rating completely misusing her right to rate on the website our tutor is associated with and where she had taken several lessons and built a reputation over the last 5 years as the rating is applicable for completed lessons. She alleged that the tutor did not show up for the class despite the fact that she was duly informed and requested of the class being rescheduled. She must have been really disappointed as she said her friends made fun of her Punjabi and I think she had also mentioned in her emails she intended to learn the whole Punjabi language that day. It must have been a heart break.
Obviously, the tutor was extremely upset on getting the rating as it hurts her overall rating due to a single negative feedback, but still she wrote her an email humbly asking her to correct her feedback (as there had not been a class) and also what happened to her due to rescheduling of the class had not caused her any “personal harm”, but a rating downgrade would cause our tutor a grave personal harm since it had taken her years to build her reputation. We expected a little empathy from her, but this was the day of never ending surprises.
She wrote back in an extremely rude manner saying we had no right to email her and it just showed how unprofessional our tutor was. She contacted the company and now the tutor has lost her teaching account with the company as they have permanently closed down her account on her request.
What we learn from this experience is that it won’t hurt to be a little more empathetic as nobody likes pain in the ass (pardon my french) customers whether you are a beginner or a big billion dollar corporation. Customers are entitled to their respect, but so are the companies/freelancers. Its a business relationship after all. Its a transaction wherein, we as businesses deliver services in exchange for a fee. However, a business relationship becomes complicated when a customer starts taking out their frustration of life on their business associates and starts behaving completely unreasonably, overstepping the line.
A woman for example who is being ignored by her husband or someone who is constantly being rebuked by her teenage kids may start demanding unreasonably unattainable things from her business associates, colleagues or friends . Most times we don’t point it out and try to cooperate as much as we can, because its not exactly polite to tell anyone “sorry madam, we can not longer work with you because your attitude sucks”.
I do not blame you Deena Sangha who is sitting several miles away from here in Calgary, Alberta. I completely understand you are disturbed with your life and we still have our best wishes for you.