Hindi Lesson-2 – Consonants

Hindi Lesson-2 – Consonants in Hindi Alphabet

After the first Hindi lesson, we are now good to start with Hindi lesson-2. There are 36 consonants in Hindi Alphabet written with Roman script in velthuis style of transliteration.

All the Consonants are incomplete. They need the help of vowels and their symbols ( मात्राएँ) to get complete. For example incomplete consonants look like: क्, ख् when we mix up अ vowel with any of the consonant, it becomes complete as क् + अ = क, ख् + अ = ख.
Then with mixing up with the correct symbols ( मात्राएँ) of the vowels, the consonants help pronouncing the correct sounds.

(Consonants) व्यंजन
क ख ग घ ङ
Ka kha ga gha “na
च छ ज झ ञ
ca cha ja jha ~na
ट ठ ड ढ ण
.ta .tha .da .dha .na
त थ द ध न
ta tha da dha na
प फ ब भ म
pa pha ba bha ma
य र ल व
ya ra la va
श ष स ह
“sa .sa sa ha
Combined Letters.
क्ष त्र ज्ञ श्र
k.sa tra jna shra

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